July 2013 Update: US covert actions in Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia
by Jack Serle and Alice K Ross
A US Air Force Predator on patrol (US Air Force Photo/Lt Col Leslie Pratt).US drones return to Yemen's skies and al Qaeda confirms the death of its deputy leader.
The CIA killed more people in Pakistan per strike than at any point since July 2012.
UN report finds indications of increased US and UK involvement in Somalia.
July 2013 actions
Total CIA strikes in July: 3
Total killed in strikes in July: 23-29, of whom 0 were reportedly civilians
All actions 2004 – July 31 2013
Total Obama strikes: 320
Total US strikes since 2004: 371
Total reported killed: 2,514-3,584
Civilians reported killed: 410-928
Children reported killed: 164-195
Total reported injured: 1,112-1,493
For the Bureau’s full Pakistan databases click here.
The first strike on July 3 (Ob318) skewed the kill ratio – it was the bloodiest attack in nine months with 16-18 people reported dead. This bucked a trend identified by the Bureau for low-casualty strikes: there has been a decline in the number of reported killed in each strike since the peak in 2009.
The death toll was unusually high: US drones have reportedly killed 16 or more people in a strike only three times in the past two years, most recently on October 11 2012.
Three weeks after the strike, anonymous US officials said Washington had cut the rate of attacks and tightened its targeting policy as a concession to the Pakistan army. The unnamed sources told the Associated Press the July 3 strike was based on 'hugely detailed’ intelligence 'laid out in a 32-page PowerPoint presentation’ that apparently indicated the targets were Haqqani Network militants gathering to plan an attack on the Ariana Hotel in Kabul.
On July 28 a further strike killed at least five people. Three were reportedly al Qaeda training experts. An unnamed Taliban source claimed the three had trained the team that attacked a Pakistani prison on July 29. At least 250 militants escaped in the assault, including several senior operatives. Reuters named the three alleged trainers as: Abu Rashid, from Saudi Arabia; Muhammed Ilyas Kuwaiti, from Kuwait; and Muhammed Sajid Yamani, from Yemen.
Also in July, the Bureau released an internal Pakistani record of drone strike casualties showing officials found CIA drone strikes have killed a significant number of civilians. Of 746 people listed as killed in the drone strikes outlined in the document, at least 147 of the dead are clearly stated to be civilian victims, 94 of those are said to be children.
July 2013 actions
Confirmed US drone strikes: 1
Further reported/possible US strike events: 1
Total reported killed in US operations: 4-12
Civilians reported killed in US strikes: 0
All actions 2002 – July 31 2013*
Confirmed US drone strikes: 47-57Possible extra US drone strikes: 81-100
Total reported killed: 243-358
Civilians reported killed: 15-52
Children reported killed: 2
Reported injured: 62-144
Total reported killed: 286-460
Civilians reported killed: 23-48
Children reported killed: 6-9
Reported injured: 81-106
All other US covert operations: 12-77
Total reported killed: 148-377
Civilians reported killed: 60-88
Children reported killed: 25-26
Reported injured: 22-111
Click here for the full Yemen data.
Reported US drones killed at least seven people in Yemen this month in the first air strikes since a suspected US drone killed a 10-year-old boy and as many as six others.
July’s strikes came as President Hadi was visiting the US and days before a scheduled meeting at the White House on August 1 to discuss counter-terrorism policies and political reform.
In July AQAP’s chief theologian Ibrahim al Robaish confirmed the group’s deputy commander Said al Shehri's death by video eulogy. Al Shehri has been reported killed on several occasions since co-founding AQAP in January 2009.
Al Robaish revealed al Shehri was killed by a drone while talking on his phone in Saada province. However it was not clear exactly when al Shehri died. The only strike in Saada in 2012 recorded by the Bureau is YEM121, which killed at least three people on October 28.
A US court held preliminary hearings in a lawsuit brought by relatives of US citizens killed in drone strikes abroad, including Anwar and Abdulrahman al Awlaki. District court judge Rosemary Collyer asked government lawyers who were attempting to get the case dismissed, 'How broadly are you asserting the right of the United States to target an American citizen?’ She added that she was ’troubled' by the US administration’s view it can kill US citizens abroad without judicial oversight. 'The executive is not an effective check on the executive,’ she added.
And the UK Department for Business Innovation and Skills (BIS) has reportedly opened an investigation into UK telecoms company BT, though BIS refused to confirm or deny this to the Bureau. The British legal charity Reprieve has brought a complaint against BT over a contract to service and maintain a fibre-optic link between the US drone base at Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti and a US base in England. Reprieve believes the link is used as part of US drone operations in Yemen and Somalia.
* All but one of these actions have taken place during Obama’s presidency. Reports of incidents in Yemen often conflate individual strikes. The range in the total strikes and total drone strikes we have recorded reflects this.
July 2013 actions
Total reported US operations: 0
All actions 2007 – July 31 2013
US drone strikes: 3-9
Total reported killed: 7-27
Civilians reported killed: 0-15
Children reported killed: 0
Reported injured: 2-24
All other US covert operations: 7-14
Total reported killed: 47-143
Civilians reported killed: 7-42
Children reported killed: 1-3
Reported injured: 12-20
Click here for the Bureau’s full data on Somalia.
For the eleventh consecutive month there were no reported drone strikes in Somalia. A UN report found that al Shabaab retains control of ’most of southern and central Somalia’ and is the country’s main threat to security.
According to the report, al Shabaab has steered clear of direct conflict, sticking to asymmetrical fighting. The group’s supplies and fighting force of 5,000 have been largely preserved. Al Shabaab attacks have risen from the end of 2012 into 2013, despite losing the key southern port of Kismayo in September 2012 to African Union forces. This month militants struck in the capital once again, killing a Turkish official and a Somali in a bomb attack on the Turkish consulate.
Al Shabaab continued presence is despite a reported increase in Western support for Somali counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency forces. 'Multiple diplomatic and military sources’ told the UN monitors both the US and UK 'are increasingly involved in directly supporting intelligence services in "Somaliland", "Puntland" and Mogadishu.’ Some of this support is in violation of the UN arms embargo on the country, the investigators said.
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